Our motivation here is to work on the most critical problems faced by the solar industry, particularly relevant to India. Solar cell and module manufacturing in India has faced many challenges. With ample support from MNRE, we have established a huge knowledgebase which can be accessed by industry or academia. NCPRE along with other academic, industrial and government partners is working on many collaboration projects to help the industry’s growth and reach global level of excellence.
Technical Collaboration Projects ongoing at NCPRE
c-Si Cell Process Development
NCPRE has established a baseline process with 17.5 % efficiency. We can offer technical support in Cell Process Development. Any new or established player can test their process on our line. We can also assist with process optimization using our extensive cell characterization experience.
Cell Process Development
We are currently working with a chemical company on developing conductive paste which can help in improving metal contact and increase efficiency of cells. We are testing different compositions of silver paste to make the metal contact on solar cells. Using NCPRE’s baseline process, the cells are screen printed with standard and new paste formulations. To test the quality of contact achieved, cells are measured in our characterization lab. We are also developing copper metallization, which is eventually expected to replace silver.
Power Loss Analysis
Power Loss Analysis is an important method of evaluating any solar cell technology. At NCPRE, we provide a customized Power Loss Analysis package for any Si cells using our high-precision equipment. We have developed an advanced technique where based upon Light and Dark IV curves, EQE (External Quantum Efficiency) Curves, and EL intensity images of solar cells we can quantify the power losses occurring due to different mechanisms. The analysis provides cell manufacturers with a Pareto of power loss coming from Resistive, Optical and Recombination losses so they can prioritize tasks for process improvement.
NCPRE has a very well equipped Cell characterization Lab with several Scientists, Engineers and Students working on different projects.
* Waiting for equipment
Solar module performance and reliability depends largely on the quality of the materials used in it. In order to establish a correlation between module performance and material properties, NCPRE will be working with industry partners to conduct Testing of Encapsulants, Backsheet and Glass. NCPRE can help module manufacturers in establishing best practices for material testing.
Testing of Encapsulants, Backsheet and Glass.
Module Performance and Reliability
NCPRE has conducted All India Surveys of PV modules to study the power degradation and impact of various factors like climatic conditions technology and materials. We carry out performance testing of modules at the Lab as wells as at field site locations. We will also be working on correlating different power degradation signatures to visual defects, EL and IR images. NCPRE has also acquired environmental chambers for testing reliability of modules which are being extensively used by different partners for development work.
Performance Testing of Modules
A stand-alone 250 VA battery integrated PV System suitable for rural application has been developed at NCPRE. The PV system is designed for low cost and high reliability using simple hardware structure. A hardware prototype is built and ready for commercialization.
NCPRE can offer methodology, equipment, help with data collection and analysis to find solution to problems faced by the industry and establish a path for improvement.